Remote Key Provisioning

Remote Key Provisioning (RKP) has been a part of AOSP since Android 12. Android 14 introduces a remote provisioning updatable module that increases feature resilience by improving the robustness of the service API and decreasing the time to introduce any improvements to it.


Simplify the RKP service by packaging everything into an APEX.

Before Android 14, RKP was separated into an app, RemoteProvisioner, and Keystore 2.0. The RemoteProvisioner app was responsible for contacting the RKP backend, and Keystore 2.0 was responsible for both storing the keys and communicating with HALs. This wasn't a good architecture because RKP keys are significantly different from Keystore keys in terms of attached metadata. Additionally, this required awkward modifications to the Keystore framework code to alert RemoteProvisioner about potential resource starvation.

RKP as a Mainline module is designed to improve on these points by neatly packing everything into an APEX.

Module boundary

The RKP Mainline APEX,, contains the Remote Key Provisioning Daemon (RKPD) application and a remote provisioning system server component (built with Java).

Stack architecture

Figure 1 illustrates the RKP stack architecture.

RKP stack architecture

Figure 1. RKP stack architecture.

Internal architecture

Figure 2 illustrates the RKP internal architecture.

RKP internal architecture

Figure 2. RKP internal architecture.

Additional information about the RKP internal architecture:

  • RKPD Mainline APEX -

    • RKPD app (Java)
      • packages/modules/RemoteKeyProvisioning/app
    • RKPD system server fragment (Java)
      • packages/modules/RemoteKeyProvisioning/system-server
  • HAL interface/implementation (Rust/C++)

    • IRemotelyProvisionedComponent
      • hardware/interfaces/security/keymint

Package format

The application and other functionalities of the module are packaged as APEX file


The RKP module continues to depend on the existence of IRemotelyProvisionedComponent implementations to provide the attestation keys and certificate requests.

Testing strategy

The AOSP version of the application APEX contains unit tests that OEMs can run.